Compressor 4: Compress Video for YouTube
[ I have an entire video tutorial on how to compress video for the web. To learn more, click here. ]
Compressor scares a lot of people because video compression can be very complex. However, if all you want to do is compress a video for YouTube, Compressor makes the process very easy; especially if you plan to post more than one movie.
Let me show you how.
The trick to compressing for YouTube, and many other social media sites, is to remember that they ALWAYS recompress your video into their own format. This means that you need to send YouTube a compressed file which is designed to be compressed again.
We do this by creating an intermediate movie with a high data rate. While you could build your own compression setting file, it is faster and easier to just work with the YouTube settings built into Compressor. That way, we don’t need to understand anything about data rates or compression to make our movies look great.
There are five windows in Compressor:
1. Task. Where movies go to be compressed.
2. Preview. Where you can preview your movie.
3. History. Where you monitor compression, or locate past jobs.
4. Inspector. Where you make changes to settings.
5. Settings. Where setting and destination files are stored.
The workflow is simple:
1. Create a new batch using a template
2. Import the movie you want to compress
3. Apply a destination setting
4. Enter your Youtube account and movie information
At which point, Compressor will compress your file and automatically transfer it to YouTube – marking it private, if you want, so you can review the results before making it public. Plus, it stores the compressed movie in a folder on your hard drive so you review it, file it, or share it to another site.
TAKING IT STEP-BY-STEP
Select File > New Batch from Template. The template window opens. Click Publish to YouTube, then click Choose.
This loads a new Task into the Task window, and automatically configures it to compress your file for YouTube. There are three settings applied to each file you want to compress:
1. Compression setting
3. File name
Also, notice up in the top right corner it says Publish to YouTube. This is a Job Action, which is something that is performed when compression is complete.
Select the Task that contains the settings and do one of the following:
* Type Shift+Command+I
* Select Job > Source > File
* Right-mouse-click and select Source > File
Select the movie you want to compress and click OK.
You movie is now added to the task. The compression setting is correct for YouTube and the file name of the compressed file defaults to the file name of the source file.
However, by default, the compressed file is stored locally on your system in the same location as the original movie. While this isn’t a bad thing, I prefer having all my compressed files stored in the same place. So, I created a custom destination for all my compressed files. Changing destinations also prevents conflicts where the compressed file has the same name as the source file.
CREATE A CUSTOM DESTINATION
To create a new destination, click the Destinations tab in the Settings window.
Then, click the Plus button to create a new Destination. There are two types:
Local is a folder on one of the hard drives attached to your computer.
Remote is either an FTP or iDisk server.
For maximum speed, I always save my compressed files locally, then transfer them to a remote server later. So, select Local.
On my second drive, prior to starting Compressor, I created a folder called Compressed Files. We’ll use this for our example, but you can make any folder on any hard disk a custom destination.
Select the folder you want to set as a custom destination, then click Open.
The new custom destination is now available in the Destinations tab. If you don’t see it, twirl down the Custom folder to display its contents.
Right-mouse-click on the middle setting (Source) and change it to the new destination; in my example, Compressed Files.
Although this sounds like we are taking a lot of time and steps to get this file compressed, you only need to create a custom destination once.
CHANGE A PREFERENCE
In fact, if you change a preference setting, Compressor will automatically apply this custom destination to all your compressed files so you never have to think about this again.
Select Compressor > Preferences and change the Default Destination to Compressed Files, or whatever you called your local folder. Now, whenever you import a file, Compressor will automatically set the destination to this folder.
PUBLISH TO YOUTUBE
See that yellow warning in the top right of the Task Window? It means that Compressor needs a bit more information before it can publish your file to YouTube.
This, too, only needs to be entered once.
Click the yellow warning in the Task window, then, down in the Inspector, click the Job Action tab.
Enter your YouTube User Name, password, and information about your movie. Compressor will remember your user name and password whenever you compress another movie for YouTube.
You’re now ready to compress. Click Submit, in the low-right corner of the Task Window.
Accept the YouTube Terms of Service by clicking Publish.
And click Submit once more to start the compression process. (If you are wondering why you click Submit twice, this second option allows you to send the file to a compression cluster or compress on your local system. Compressing locally is the default.)
A thermometer appears in the History window that shows the status of your job. To continue monitoring your job, leave Compressor open until compression and file transfer are complete.
Once you’ve set a custom destination as a preference and entered your YouTube account information, the process of compressing files for YouTube is amazingly quick — less than a minute from import to start of compression.
Plus, by starting simply with templates and learning more about the power of Compressor, you will be able to quickly graduate to more complex projects like adding watermarks, timecode, cropping, scaling, and audio effects to your projects.